The Right to an Effective Remedy in International Personal Data Transfers
By Dr Irene Kamara (Tilburg University & Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Prof. Dr. Eleni Kosta (Tilburg University), Prof. Dr. Sofia Ranchordas (University of Groningen & Luiss Guido Carli University)
In July 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU or the Court) annulled for the second time a Commission Decision which found that the US offers a (partially) adequate level of protection to individuals whose data are transferred to that country. The Commission Decision was based on the so-called Privacy Shield, a US-EU bilateral agreement providing companies a mechanism to comply with legal requirements for the transfer of personal data. More...
Artificial Intelligence & Human Rights: Friend or Foe?
By Alberto Quintavalla and Jeroen Temperman
Artificial intelligence (‘AI’) applications can have a significant impact on human rights. This impact can be twofold. On the one hand, it may contribute to the advancement of human rights. A striking example is the use of machine learning in healthcare to improve precision medicine so that patients would receive better care. On the other hand, it can pose an obvious risk to the respect of human rights. Unfortunately, there are countless examples. Perhaps the most obvious one is the use of algorithms discriminating against ethnic minorities and women. More...